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will locate, describe and explain places, regions and features on the Earth. 17A
will construct and interpret simple maps using cardinal directions, location, a scale and symbols in a legend. 17a1
will identify major geographic features (e.g., rivers, lakes, mountains, oceans) using a United States map. 17a1
will locate the United States and Illinois on a globe or world map. 17a1
will construct a simple map of a familiar area (such as school) incorporating cardinal directions and map symbols. 17a1
will examine a variety of maps and globes to identify and describe major georgraphic features (e.g., rivers, lakes, oceans, islands, continents, mountains). 17a1
will identify the seven continents on a map. 17a1
will demonstrate knowledge of cardinal directions, a compass rose and map legends on a map. 17a1
will recognize Illinois by shape and relative location. 17a1
will identify world geographic features (e.g., peninsulas, islands, continents, straits, mountains, rivers, deserts, oceans, seas, harbors, gulfs, forests, oases). 17a2
will identify north, south, east, west, borders, lines of logitude and latitude, equator, north and south poles and time zones using a map. 17a2
will describe and use the basic elements of maps and globes (e.g., title, legend, cardinal directions, scale, grid, parallels, meridians). 17a2
will construct read and interpret data from various types of maps, globes, charts, graphs and timelines (e.g., population, products, climate). 17a2
will locate states and their respective capitals on a United States map. 17a2
will use geographic terms to describe the physical features of the Americas (e.g., mountains, rivers, grasslands, oases). 17a2
will identify and locate North, South and Central American Countries and their respective capitals. 17a2
will utilize map skills to construct and represent locations on maps using legend symbols, lines of demarcation scales, directions, and geographic barriers. 17a2
will identify student's state, town, county and local address. 17a2
will locate the major waterways of North America, South America, Western Europe and the Middle East, and explain their impact on exploration, settlement and trade. (e.g., discuss how the opening of the Erie Canal contributed to the rise of New York City). 17a3
will locate and identify the continents, major climates, major bodies of water and natural resources and compare and analyze the relationship of people and the environment with regard to population, settlement and trade. 17a3
will use map tools (legends, keys, scales) to interpret information (e.g., climate, landforms, resources). 17a3
will determine the time at one location when informed of the time at another location using a world time zone map. 17a3
will locate and identify major world rivers, climate areas and rain forests. 17a3
will identify and explain the advantages and disadvantages of different map projections and their uses (e.g., aerial photos, globes, charts, graphs, polar projection). 17a3
will identify countries, cities and transportation networks on maps. 17a3
will identify and locate the seven continents of the world and their associated oceans, seas, rivers and landforms. 17a3
will understand the use of directions (e.g., cardinal direcitons, subordinate directions, latitude and longitude). 17a3
will use correct geographic terminology. 17a3
will describe Illinois' climate, its effect on people's lives. 17a3
will use a map to identify the counties and major cities in Illinois. 17a3
will identify the location of Illinois in relationship to neighboring states and the Midwestern United States. 17a3
will explain settlement, population patterns and the growth of service centers from reading and interpreting maps, graphs and charts. 17a4
will use the most appropriate maps and graphics in an atlas to answer specific questions about geographic issues (e.g., topgraph, transportation routes). 17a4
will locate major meridians of longitude and parallels of latitude and identify major world cities that are in proximity. 17a4
will identify and locate the places significant to each period of study. 17a5

will analyze and explain characteristics and interactions of the Earth's physical systems. 17B
will identify basic natural resources (e.g., water, plants, soil, air). 17b1
will sequence the seasons of the year, days of the week, and months. 17b1
will describe different climate types. 17b2
will interpret information from a population growth graph and a population pyramid (e.g., discuss the age of the population, growth potential, life expectancy). 17b3
will explain the changing nature of the earth's surface (e.g., earthquakes, volcanoes). 17b3
will identify the world's climatic regions and the ways in which they influence lifestyle. 17b3
will draw conclusions about information presented on special purpose maps. 17b3
will investigate and explain how "new" geographic frontiers such as the oceans, Antarctica and airspace are worthy of exploration. 17b3
will draw conclusions about Illinois and other areas from various types of charts, graphs, maps, pictures, models and timelines. 17b3
will interpret and assess the impact of unpredictable environment and change. (e.g., earthquakes, El Nino, drought). 17b3
will interpret and assess the impact of predictable annual climate change (e.g., monsoon, flooding) on societal functions. 17b5
will transform primary data into maps, graphs and charts to explain interactions of the world's physical systems. 17b5

will understand relationships between geographic factors and society. 17C
will describe how climate/weather affects the way people live (e.g., food, clothing, shelter, recreation). 17c1
will identify basic natural resources (e.g., water, plants, soil, air) and how people use these resources. 17c1
will identify ways communities change over time (e.g., landscape, buildings, jobs, population). 17c1
will illustrate the path of a product from the raw material to the consumer. 17c2
will describe how people in the community make their living from the environment and identify activities that individuals can do to keep the environment clean. 17c2
will describe the various elements of the environment (water, soil, weather, climate, topography), and explain how people affect and are affected by them. 17c2
will compare and contrast climate, weather and location with regard to people's clothing, food, shelter and jobs. 17c2
will identify geographic factors that affect population density and other patterns on the earth. 17c2
will analyze and compare the effects of geographic factors upon people's jobs, food, clothing, shelter, services and interaction with the outside world. 17c2
will compare and contrast the physical, economic and political changes caused by geographic conditions and human intervention. 17c2
will identify physical barriers to transportation in the Americas and how people adapted to the barriers (e.g., Appalachian and Rocky Mountains, Great Plains, Rain Forest, Isthmus of Panama). 17c2
will analyze the effect of geographic factors in the development of transportation routes and settlement patterns in the Americas. 17c2
will recognize the difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources. 17c2 will compare and contrast responsibilities, privileges and rights of United States citizenship in selected geographic regions. 17c3
will draw conclusions about the effects of geography on transportation, culture, economic activities, population density nad distribution using maps. 17c3
will describe the development of early civilizations (e.g., Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, China, India) and their relationship to geographic factors. 17c3
will draw conclusions about the effect of the environment on native cultures (e.g., Native American, Australian Aborigines, African Berbers). 17c3
will analyze how geography influences the economy of a region. 17c3
will describe the impact of technology on agriculture and industry throughout the world. 17c3
will compare and contrast geographic regions (e.g., physical, cultural, perceptual, economic). 17c3
will identify geographic factors and cultural factors that block the movement of ideas and innovations. 17c3
will analyze the growth of tourism and its impact on regional environments and culture. 17c3
will identify how human processes impact the world's physical environment (e.g., pollution, clear-cutting, strip mining).
will analyze renewable and nonrenewable resources (e.g., hydroelectric power and fossil fuels), and explain how technology affects the ways in which culture groups perceive and use their resources. 17c3
will assess the economic impact of technology on various types of geographic regions. 17c3
will compare and contrast the characteristics of demographic structure through population pyramids (e.g., total size, birth rates, age, distribution, doubling time). 17c3
will give examples as to how cooperation and conflict over control of the worl's resources has occurred in moder societies. 17c3
will explain the common geographic factors associated with the development of world urban centers. 17c3
will draw conclusions about climate, landforms and resources in Illinois' four geographic regions using special purpose maps. 17c3
will cite reasons for the development of the Illinois transportation system. 17c3
will determine the factors that caused Illinois to become a leader in the production of corn, coal and electrical power. 17c3
will explain and analyze the human impact on the environment throughout the American experience. 17c4
will describe the socioeconomic changes that occur in regions that experience population increases. 17c4
will analyze the impact of the environment, including the location of natural resources, on immigration and settlement patterns. 17c4
will analyze the relationship of Native American cultures to their physical environment. 17c4
will evaluate the effects of population growth on urbanization. 17c4
will analyze the role of mental maps in the movement of people across the United States. 17c4
will analyze and evaluate the economies of developing nations from different geographic regions. 17c5 will apply geographic factors and features to explain their relationship to development of civilizations. 17c5
will relate and interpret the importance of geographic factors to social, political, economic and technological change. 17c5

will understand the historical significance of geography. 17D
will sequence and discuss a series of pictures that reflect historic change (e.g., transportation, technology, agriculture, events in history). 17d2
will compare and contrast present cultures to the cultures of people of other historical time periods (e.g., source of food, clothing, shelter, products used). 17d2
will locate on a map the sites of the American Indian nations before the arrival of the Europeans. 17d2
will analyze the factors that shaped the economy in the colonies and the Americas. 17d2
will list ways in which early explorers and settlers adapted to, used and changed the environment of the state or region. 17d2
will identify patterns or areas of early American settlement and depict territorial expansion and population distribution in the United States through maps, charts, pictures and research projects. 17d2
will examine changes in the commercial form and function (e.g., agriculture center to trade center to industrial center) of urban areas in different regions of the world. 17d3
will compare and contrast general characteristics of the population of selected regions with regard to economics, religion, language and movement. 17d3
will describe the role geo-politics played in historic events of the twentieth century (e.g., Cold War, Vietnam, and Persian Gulf Wars) 17d3
will identify conditions that have influenced or altered the movement of people throughout the world. 17d3
will identify and explain the significance of historical experience and of geographical factors that have helped to shape both Illinoisan and American society. 17d3
will analyze the ways in which physical and human features have influenced the evolution of significant historic events and movements. 17d4
will describe geographic differences that contributed to economic development and regionalism prior to the Civil War. 17d4
will identify and explain the geographic factors that led to exploration, settlement and expansion across the United States. 17d4
will predict how physical and human inventions influence the evolution of significant historic events and movements. 17d5
will identify United States settlement patterns after 1900 and draw conclusions about causes and effect. 17d5