...Goals Index............Home.............Standards Index

will understand and explain basic principles of the United States government. 14A
will explain why rules are important and participate in developing rules. 14a1
will explain why different forms of governments (e.g., family, school, communities) are necessary. 14a1
will explain how and why laws/rules can provide order and predictability. 14a1
will understand the concept of majority rule and give examples of that concept in a democracy. 14a1
will explain the rights of minorities in the democratic process and the right to dissent responsibly. 14a2
will explain how the rule of law and limited government protect individual rights and the common good. 14a2
will explain the consent of the governed as the source of authority of government. 14a2
will describe how groups and institutions work to meet the individual needs and promote the common good. 14a2
will evaluate competing ideas about the purposes of government. 14a3
will evaluate, take and defend positions on the purposes that government should serve. 14a3
will debate the importance of the concepts of limited government and the rule of law in modern American society. 14a3
will explain major principles of American constitutional government, (e.g., federalism, separation of powers, the elastic clause, checks and balances, government by consent of the governed, individual rights) and compare to the Illinois Constitution. 14a3
will evaluate, take and defend positions on issues in which fundamental democratic values and principles are in conflict (e.g., liberty and equality, individual rights and the common good, majority rule, minority rights). 14a4
will justify the importance of the fundamental democratic values and principles of United States constitutional democracy to individuals, communities and nations. 14a4
will evaluate the degree to which public policies and citizen behaviors reflect or foster the stated ideals of a democratic republican form of government. 14a4
will explain federalism and give examples of shared, delegated, reserved and implied powers. 14a4
will explain the purpose, organization and functions of the legislative, executive and judicial branches, and analyze separations of powers and checks and balances. 14a4
will explain the purpose of the United States government and analyze how its powers are acquired, used and justified. 14a4
will identify and describe the fundamental democratic principles and values in core American documents and identify the discrepancies between the ideals expressed and realities. 14a4
will explain the development of respresentative democracy in the United States. 14a4
will explain the major challenges faced by the farmers of the United States Constitution, and describe the compromises reached at the Constitutional Convention. 14a4
will analyze and evaluate the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights, and describe challenges faced by the new federal government. 14a4
will identify significant political philosophers and their contributions to the development of basic principles of United States government. 14a4
will identify and evaluate the contributions of the classical civilizations to the development of the United States Constitution (Rule of Law; Representative Government; Civic Duty; Separation of Powers). 14a4

will understand the structure and functions of the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations. 14B
will cite examples of honesty and courage, as well as, acts of patriotism among modern political leaders in Illinois. 14b1
will identify the three levels of government (local, state, federal). 14b1
will identify the three levels (local, state, federal) of government and the responsibilities of each level. 14b2
will explain the importance of government in the classroom, school, community and state. 14b2
will explain and illustrate how a bill becomes a law. 14b2
will identify the first three articles of the Constitution and outline the basic functions of the three branches of government. 14b2
will list and explain the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. 14b2
will participate in exercises that demonstrate knowledge of trial by jury. 14b2
will identify the roles and functions of the government (e.g., legislative, executive, judicial branches) at the local, county and state levels. 14b2
will assess the significance of the new Constitution of 1787, including the struggles over its ratification and the reasons for the addition of the Bill of Rights. 14b2
will analyze the functions and jurisdictions of the federal, state, local and special courts (e.g., United States Supreme Court, State Supreme Court, circuit courts, magistrate courts, family courts). 14b3
will identify and analyze individual rights and priviledges protected by the United States and Illinois Constitutions and laws. 14b3
will explain the economic reasons for immigration and migration. 14b3
will examine the amendment process of the Illinois Constitution. 14b3
will identify the duties and requirements of elected officials at the national, state and local levels (e.g., President, Governors, Senators, Representatives/Delegates, Members of Board of Public Education, County Commissioners). 14b3
will analyze the division of powers and responsiblities of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of United States and Illinois state government. 14b3
will develop a mock bill to promote tourism in Illinois. 14b3
will summarize the Constitution's Articles and Amendments. 14b4
will analyze the presidential election process, the continued use of the Electoral College and the order of presidential succession. 14b4
will explain the steps required to amend the United States Constitution. 14b4
will identify and explain the impact of key United States Supreme Court decisions (e.g., Marbury v. Madison, McCollough v. Maryland, Dred Scott Plessy v. Ferguson) on the growth of the Court's powers. 14b4
will analyze judicial review and the procedure used to render decisions. 14b5
will critique the interaction of the three branches of the federal government in an increasingly complex society. 14b5

will understand election processes and responsibilities of citizens. 14C
will demonstrate an understanding that a good citizen takes turns and shares, takes responsibility for doing daily chores, care for personal belongings and shows respect for what belongs to others. 14c1
will explain volunteerism and participate in school/community projects. 14c1
will model the personal responsibilities of good citizenship in the classroom (e.g., responsiblity, self-control). 14c1
will explain that citizens are united by commonly held principles and beliefs. 14c2
will identify and model personal and civic responsibilities to evidence good citizenship in the classroom, school and community. 14c2
will identify and analyze differences between individual responsibilities, privileges and rights of American citizenship. 14c2
will take and defend a position as to why fulfilling one's civic responsibility is important. 14c2
will explain that students are citizens of their classroom, community, state, and nation. 14c2
will propose solutions and investigate opportunities for public volunteerism concerning a local problem. 14c2
will explain why various civic dispositions, such as the act of voting as a citizen, are a responsibility, a privilege and a right. 14c2
will identify voting as a responsibility and right of citizens, and identify the legal voting age. 14c3
will identify ways students can participate in the governance of their school and community. 14c3
will evaluate how citizens can participate in government at the local, state and national levels (e.g., voting, community service, letter writing). 14c3
will identify and practice forms of civic discussion and participation consistent with the ideals of citizens in a democratic republic. 14c3
will explain the political process and the opportunities for citizens to influence government. 14c3
will analyze and evaluate the influence of various forms of citizen action on public policy. 14c3
will evaluate the effectiveness of public opinion in influencing and shaping public policy development and decision-making. 14c3
will explain the purpose of political parties and special interest groups and their influence on the political process. 14c3
will demonstrate and understand that competition among sellers results in lower prices. 14c3
will explain the role and importance of voting in the democratic process and practice the voting process by participating in a class/school/state mock election. 14c3
will identify, analyze, evaluate and interpret sources and examples of the responsibilities, privileges and rights of citizens. 14c3
will explain how citizens, interacting with one another, monitor and influence their government. 14c4
will make informed decisions as to what government should and should not do. 14c4
will assess and evaluate responsibilites, privileges and rights of United States citizens. 14c4
will define United States citizenship and evaluate the characterisitics of a citizen. 14c4
will analyze the changing nature of civic responsiblity. 14c5
will evaluate the fomation, role and impact of third parties in the United States. 14c5
will analyze the election process and the role of political parties and special interest groups. 14c5
will identify and explain the importance of the personal and political responsibilities, privileges and rights of citizens. 14c5

will understand the roles and influences of individuals and interest groups in the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations. 14D
will give examples and explain why citizens voluntarily contribute their time and talents to the community. 14d1
will describe the roles of government leaders and identify the President and Governor. 14d1
will identify the characteristics of responsible and democratic leaders. 14d1
will identify characteristics of the past and contributions of heroic people using sources as stories, folk tales, pictures, poems, songs, legends, holidays and customs. 14d1
will explain the historical significance of major events, people and their contributions to the United States. 14d2
will explain why American colonists and those who led them (i.e., George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson) went to war to win independence from England. 14d2
will identify major leaders and events from America's colonization through the Revolutionary War. 14d2
will identify significant leaders in the Civil Rights Movement (e.g., John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Lyndon Johnson). 14d2
will describe issues faced by George Washington when he became the first United States President. 14d2
will explain the impact of strong leadership on historic world events. 14d3
will identify and practice selective forms of civic discussion consistent with ideas of citizens in a democratic republic. 14d3 will explain how actions citizens take can influence public policy decisions. 14d3
will examine the strategies designed to strengthen the common good, which consider a range of options for citizen action. 14d3
will evaluate, take and defend positions about the functions of political leadership and the importance of public service in American democracy. 14d4
will describe the evolution of the roles and responsibilities of individuals and groups leading to the formation of nation states. 14d5
will analyze and evaluate the influence of citizen action on public policy and law making. 14d5
will explain the role of the president in the formation of national and foreign policy. 14d5

will understand United States foreign policy as it relates to other nations and international issues. 14E
will distinguish between governmental and nongovernmental international organizations and describe their functions. 14e3
will identify and give examples of different forms of government, and classify them as either limited or unlimited. 14e3
will illustrate the political divisions of nations. 14e3
will compare and contrast the role of American citizens and citizens in selected regions. 14e3
will explain how nations benefit when they resolve conflicts peacefully. 14e3
will describe ways in which nations interact with one another and try to resolve problems. 14e3
will trace the development of treaties and organizations related to trade between the United States and foreign countries. 14e3
will differentiate various methods that the United States uses to interact with foreign nations to solve problems of mutual concern. 14e3
will recognize the influence of the United States on other nations and the influence of other nations on the American political process and society. 14e3
will critique the purposes and performance of international governmental and nongovernmental organizations. 14e5
will analyze and explain United States and World foreign policy since World War II. 14e5
will assess the impact of United States foreign policy on different world regions (e.g., Open Door Policy, Good Neighbor Policy, Lend-Lease). 14e5
will identify and analyze world conflicts, including causes and consequences (e.g., World War I, World War II, Korea, Vietnam, Gulf War, Operation Enduring Freedom/Afghanistan Military Crisis). 14e5
will evaluate, take and defend positions on foreign policies issues in light of American national interests, values and principles. 14e5
will explain how emerging nations influence world events. 14e5
will identify and analyze the causes and consequences of regional conflicts (e.g., Middle East, Latin America, Africa, Europe). 14e5

will understand the development of United States political ideas and traditions. 14F
will identify traditional patriotic symbols such as state and national flags and be given the opportunity to participate in patriotic activities such as standing for the Naitonal Anthem. 14f1
will explain the difference between rules and laws. 14f1
will be given the opportunity to recite the Pledge of Allegiance, participate in patriotic singing and celebrate national holidays. 14f1
will explain the responsibilities, privileges and rights of United States citizenship and the importance of civic life. 14f2
will describe forms of diversity in early American society, giving examples of the strengths/contributions of each. 14f2
will identify historical conflicts concerning individual rights and how those conflicts were resolved. 14f2
will explain the importance of citizens' having and supporting common democratic values and principles expressed in the nation's core documents. 14f2
will describe and analyze the events and the historic figures responsible for such documents as the United States Constitution, the Bill of Rights and the Emancipation Proclamation. 14f2
will describe how regional folk heroes and other popular figures have contributed to the cultural history of the United States. 14f2
will explain how important figures reacted to their times and why they were significant to the history of our democracy. 14f2
will interpret quotes of famous Americans from various periods of history. 14f2
will recognize and explain the difference between power and authority. 14f3
will explain the relationship between policy statements and action plans used to address issues of public concern. 14f3
will enumerate conditions that promote healthy constitutional governments to flourish. 14f4
will compare and contrast various citizens' responses to controversial government actions. 14f4
will analyze the fundamental ideas found in the nation's core documents and relate them to the subsequent periods in United States history. 14f4
will summarize documents and philosophies that are the basis for representative democracy in the United States. 14f4
will evaluate sources of information related to public policy issues. 14f4
will describe and analyze the content of the Declaration of Independence and the factors that led to its creation. 14f4
will analyze the changing nature of federalism and the growth of national government. 14f5
will explain the concept of civil disobedience, provide examples and evaluate its use. 14f5
will sequence and assess the development of civil rights in the United States and the world, and describe the contributions of significant civil rights leaders. 14f5
will investigate concerns, issues and conflicts related to universal human rights. (e.g., Holocaust, diversity, tolerance, genocide). 14f5