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will apply the skills of historical analysis and interpretation. 16A
will begin to identify sources of information to answer questions. 16a1
will collect data and sequence time, places, people and events as they relate to the student's own life. 16a1
will compare and contrast different stories or accounts about past events, people places or situations, and identify how they contribute to our understanding of the past. 16a2
will make historical inferences by analyzing artifacts and pictures. 16a2
will construct a timeline representing the settlement of a community/region. 16a2
will construct and use charts, graphs, tables and grids to display historical data. 16a2
will analyze and interpret information from pictures and news sources related to historical events and people. 16a2
will analyze various sources for reconstructing the past such as documents, letters, diaries, maps, photos, and others. 16a2
will order chronologically selected historical figures and episodes, and explain their importance in the stories of Native Americans, explorers, settlers and colonists in North America. 16a2
will interpret data presented in historical timelines. 16a2
will create a timeline showing the arrival of major immigrant groups and describe their experiences and the influence of each culture upon American society. 16a2
will suggest appropriate reference sources to answer specific questions, collect information and prepare short reports. 16a2
will identify and use processes important to reconstructing and reinterpreting the past using a variety of sources, validating and weighing evidence, and checking creditability of sources. 16a3
will cite conclusions drawn from maps, globes, charts, posters, graphs and timelines that have had an impact on world history. 16a3
will analyze the technological improvements in transportation and communication that have helped create a global society. 16a3
will identify fundamental American democratic principles using primary sources and significant political speeches and writings. 16a4
will identify, analyze and interpret primary sources and contemporary media to better understand events and life in the United States to 1900. 16a4
will evaluate historical and contemporary political communication using such criteria as logical validity, factual accuracy and emotional appeal. 16a5
will explain the reasons for constitutional amendments ratified since 1900 and analyze their effects on American society. 16a5
will critique United States immigration policies and assess the contributions of immigrant groups and individuals. 16a5
will read and interpret maps, graphs, charts, cartoons and timelines. 16a5
will analyze the goals and actions of reformers and reform movements (e.g., social, economic, political). 16a5
will research the origins and relationships of the nuclear age and the Cold War. 16a5
will compare and contrast worldwide de-colonization and independence movements in the 20th century (e.g., Israel, India, Indo-China, third world countries). 16a5

will understand the development of significant political events. 16B
will explore the past through stories of people, heroes, pictures, songs, holidays, customs, traditions, and legends. 16b1
will be given the opportunity to recite the Pledge of Allegiance and participate in national celebrations. 16b1
will explain the adverse impact of slavery upon the development of the United States economic and social structures. 16b2
will describe the effects of the Great Depression on people of the United States. 16b2
will identify the causes and effects of World War II. 16b2
will describe the impact of industrialization on the economy of the United States. 16b2
will explain the function of agriculture in the economic development of the United States. 16b2
will describe the development of transportation in the United States and explain its impact on settlement, industry and residential patterns. 16b2
will identify and explain social and technological changes that took place during the Industrial Revolution in the United States. 16b2
will list the reasons for westward expansion and explain how it affected the inhabitants of the American West (e.g., Native Americans). 16b2
will explain the effects of government policies on Native American nations and their land holdings. 16b2
will analyze the impact of slavery and the Abolitionist Movement upon the development of the United States. 16b2
will identify causes, major events and important people of the Civil War. 16b2
will explain how various reconstruction plans succeeded or failed. 16b2
will identify major events that led to the United States becoming a world power. 16b2
will identify the opposing sides in World War I and explain why the United States entered the war. 16b2
will identify and evaluate contributions of classical civilizations and cite reasons for their rise and fall. 16b3
will examine historical and current conflicts and crises, and compare resolutions within the framework of constitutional and totalitarian systems of government. 16b5

will understand the development of economic systems 16C
will identify the basic needs of people (shelter, food and clothing). 16c1
will identify occupations within the local community. 16c1
will explore various occupations and how job opportunities in the community have changed. 16c1
will compare the basic characteristics of communism, socialism and capitalism. 16c3
will explain the concept of capitalism and compare the basic components to other economic systems. 16c4
will identify and analyze the role of market factors in the settlement of the United States and the development of the free enterprise system. 16c4
will describe the cause and effect relationship between the labor movement and industrialization in the United States. 16c4
will assess national and international economic interdependency. 16c5
will compare and contrast basic economic systems according to how the system deals with demand, supply, labor unions, savings, investment and capital. 16c5
will explain the rise of Communism and describe its current status, including the breakup of the Soviet Union. 16c5
will trace and analyze the world labor movement and its political, social and economic effects. 16c5

will understand Illinois, United States and world social history. 16D
will investigate the culture of Native Americans. 16d1
will discuss and draw conclusions about current events. 16d2
will evaluate the choices made and roles undertaken in the American Revolution by different classes and groups and what they hoped or feared from revolution. 16d2
will explain the similarities and differences in backgrounds, motivations and occupational skills between people in the English settlements and those in the French and Spanish settlements. 16d2
will compare and contrast the cultures of the colonists and Native American and describe the changes that occurred when they came into contact with one another. 16d2
will research major events that led to the revolutionary War (e.g., Stamp Act, Boston Tea Party, Lexington Green) and independence for the original colonies. 16d2
will identify and describe European explorers of the 15th and 16th centuries and their reasons for exploration 16d2
will identify key motivating factors of the colonists in seeking independence for the original colonies. 16d2
will recognize and be given the opportunity to recite the State Motto and sing the State Song. 16d2
will identify state symbols, the state capital, the Governor, celebrations, holidays and famous Illinoisans. 16d2
will explain why maintaining historical records and landmarks are important to the United States. 16d2
will identify the causes and consequences of the Protestant Reformation. 16d3
will explain the social, political, and economic impact on the American society after having used atomic weapons to end the war with Japan. 16d3
will identify key figures, philosophies and events in the Minority Rights movements including civil rights and rights of women. 16d3
will identify global tensions that led to the outbreak of World Wars i and II. 16d3
will explain the causes and effects of the Great Depression and the political responses of governments to this crisis (rise of Hitler in Germancy, fascism in Italy, militarism in Japan, and the New Deal in the United States). 16d3
will outline major events in the Abolitionist movement and the results of the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments on the inclusion of African Americans into mainstream 19th century society. 16d3
will analyze and trace the evolution of democracy during the nineteenth century in western European nations and the United States. 16d3
will outline or build a timeline showing the influx of ethnic groups into North America. 16d3
will identify major historical events in the development of transportation systems (water, rail, motor vehicles, aviation). 16d3
will explain the competition of the English and French on the American frontier. 16d3
will identify the Constitution as a response to the political, economic and social factors, in response to the conditions that existed after the American Revolution. 16d4
will evaluate how nationalism affected the constitutional, political, economic, and foreign policy issues faced by the United States in its formative years. 16d4
will describe and explain the growth and change in the United States from 1801 to 1861. 16d4
will assess the effect of United States governmental policy on Native Americans. 16d4
will describe the institution of slavery and its effect on the political, economic and social development of the United States. 16d4
will compare and contrast the political, economic and social conditions in the United States before and after the Civil War. 16d4
will analyze and sequence the cause and effects of the major events of the Civil War and reconstruction. 16d4
will describe and analyze the goals and actions of reformers and reform movements. 16d4
will describe life in America before the 17th century. 16d4
will analyze, explain and sequence major events and ideas of the Revolutionary War. 16d4
will identify and explain problems between the British government and the American colonies (e.g., Parliament's right to rule, taxation, trade restricitons). 16d4
will explain and sequence the effects of European empire building, and explain how it led to the American Revolution. 16d4
will trace the routes and evaluate early explorations of America, and describe and analyze the attraction of the New World to Europeans (religious, social, political, economic). 16d4
will analyze and explain the contacts that occurred between Native American and European settlers during the age of discovery. 16d4
will explain the causes for the rise and decline of ancient civilizations (e.g., the early river civilizations, Greek, Roman, Indian, and Chinese). 16d4
will identify and explain the effects of significant political developments and trends in the world before 1900. 16d4
will discuss major world historical events and how they impacted on the development of representative democracy in the United States and other countries. 16d4
will construct various timelines of American history from pre-Columbian times to 1900 highlighting landmark dates, events, technological changes, major political and military events and major historical figures. 16d4
will compare and contrast the American and French revolutions and their political aftermaths. 16d4
will analyze the historical developments of the Protestant Reformation including the effects of theology, politics and economics on the formation of national states in Europe. 16d4
will describe the role of the Enlightenment in European society. 16d4
will analyze and assess the concept of nation building (e.g., city, states, Rome, rise of Western European nation states). 16d4
will identify and evaluate the political and economic roles and the cultural contributions of religious institutions in medieval society. 16d4
will discuss how feudalism affected the development of societies around the world. 16d4
will evaluate the life style changes brought on by industrialization and technology. (e.g., debate industrialization vs. maintaining natural environment and the implications for tourism) 16d5
will describe the development and impact of the United State's labor movement. 16d5
will explain and assess the economic, social and political transformation of the United States since World War II. 16d5
will analyze and evaluate the major causes, events, personalities and effects of World War II. 16d5
will identify the major goals and analyze the impact of the New Deal. 16d5
will analyze and explain the political, social and economic importance of World War I. 16d5
will analyze the effects of extremists and terrorists within and among nations, and predict their future effects. 16d5

will understand Illinois, United States and world environmental history. 16E
will explain how the Industrial Revolution affected the lives of people in Western Europe and the Americas. 16e3
will identify agricultural products exchanged between the New and Old Worlds during the age of exploration. 16e3
will explain the impact of health and cultural considerations on the quality of life over different historical time periods. 16e4
will describe the effect of technological change on the United States' environment (e.g., agriculture, transportation, industry, labor, society). 16e4
will analyze and explain the response of the United States and the world to industrialization and urbanization. 16e5
will relate and interpret the importance of geographic resources to international conflicts and cooperation since 1900 (e.g., discuss how U.S. dependence on Middle Eastern oil resulted in geo-political consequences). 16e5
will analyze and assess the impact of human decision-making and technology on the environment (e.g., discuss the geographic discrimination suffered by minority neighborhoods and how human use of the environment affects tourism). 16e5