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will compare characteristics of culture as reflected in language, literature, the arts, traditions and institutions. 18A
will build a sense of empathy toward other people, times and cultures. 18a1
will build a sense of empathy for others by investigating racial and cultural differences through celebrations, holidays and family traditions. 18a1
will explain the significance of patriotic symbols, holidays, celebrations and famous people. 18a2
will identify commonly held democratic values, principles and beliefs expressed in the Declaration of Independence and the significance of patriotic symbols, holidays, celebrations and famous people. 18a2
will explore American heroes, customs and traditions using various forms of literature. 18a2
will describe ways in which language, stories, music, folk tales and artistic creations serve as expressions of culture and influence the behavior of people living in a particular culture. 18a2
will explore how and why family and community life differed in various regions of colonial North America. 18a2
will explain how songs, symbols and slogans demonstrate freedom of expression and the role of protest in democracy (e.g., the abolition of slavery, women's suffrage, labor movement, the civil rights movement). 18a2
will define the term culture and use the term in a geographic context (e.g., isolation, core area, movement). 18a3
will identify religious and secular celebrations observed around the world. 18a3
will compare and contrast the beliefs, religion and mythology of native cultures throughout the world. 18a3
will identify and describe the patterns of immigration and effects on the distribution of cultural patterns in a region (e.g., disease, language, religion, customs, diversity). 18a3
will identify how mental maps (perceptions) affect our judgments about people and places. 18a3
will analyze interconnections between regions (e.g., goods and services, music, language, religion). 18a3
will develop a timeline of the major events of western migration in the United States and identify key land acquisitions on a map. 18a3
will explain the basic tenets of major monotheistic religions and their impact on western civilizations. 18a3
will identify the contributions and chracteristics of Arab/Islamic society and Judea-Christian societies. 18a3
will describe the cultural conflict between the Europeans and Native Americans as it relates to Illinois. 18a3
will evaluate, take and defend positions on issues regarding the criteria used to naturalization. 18a4
will interpret how people express attachment to places and regions (e.g., by reference to essays, novels, poems, short stories, feature films, traditional musical compositions such as "God Bless America" and America the Beautiful"). 18a4
will describe the influence and impact of diverse cultures on United States society and their assimilation into American life. 18a4
will describe the changes in the status of women and children throughout different historical periods in the United States. 18a4
will examine the contributions of different historical periods through art and literature. 18a4
will describe the location, unique contributions and characteristics of Arab/Islamic society. 18a4
will explain the basic tenets of major world religions and philosophies, their places of origin and the status of those religions today. 18a4
will explain how language, art, music and other cultural elements can facilitate global understanding (e.g., use Illinois' fairs and festivals as examples). 18a5

will analyze and explain characteristics and interactions of the Earth's physical systems. 18B
will express opinions and accept opinions of others when solving problems and/or resolving conflicts. 18b1
will identify characteristics of communities, families and family life. 18b1
will give examples of authority figures in the home, school and community. 18b1
will identify the need for rules and the consequences for breaking rules and how to resolve disagreements peacefully. 18b1
will compare and contrast occupations in the community. 18b1
will recognize the need for authority figures. 18b1
will recognize examples of honesty, caring and trustworthiness in the home and at school. 18b1
will choose and participate in a project of volunteer service. 18b1
will identify different types of families (e.g., nuclear, single parent, extended, multi-generational). 18b2
will give examples of how people working together can accomplish goals that individuals working alone cannot. 18b2
will explain and cite examples of how groups can make a difference in the community. 18b2
will evaluate the qualities of responsible leadership by individuals and in groups. 18b2
will identify public agencies in the community that provide services and investigate opportunities for volunteerism. 18b2
will compare the family lives of different groups and strata in colonial times including the roles and responsibilities of men, women, children and the elderly. 18b2
will locate, access and organize information about an issue of public concern from multiple points of view. 18b3
will compare and contrast the worth of the individual in different societies over time. 18b3
will explain the role of racial and ethnic minorities and women in the advancement of civil rights. 18b3
will locate, access, analyze, organize and apply information about selected public issues, recognizing and explaining multiple points of view. 18b3
will participate in a project of volunteer service. 18b4
will relate the worth of the individual in society to the growth of the concept of the Renaissance man. 18b4

will understand relationships between geographic factors and society. 18C
will recognize that all people share the same basic needs. 18c1
will demonstrate respect and responsibility for self and others' materials and belongings. 18c1
will investigate and contrast family history through two generations (parents, grandparents) and make comparisons to present-day living using sources such as timelines, interviews, pictures and graphs. 18c1
will explain the importance of respect and protection of minorities in a pluralistic society. 18c2
will explain the importance of respect for diversity in the heritage, culture, ideas and opinions of others. 18c2
will describe how slavery and indentured servitude influenced the early ecnonmy of the United States. 18c2
will explain how African Americans came to America and how slavery developed. 18c2
will analyze and explain how various types of government meet needs and wants of citizens, manage conflict and establish security. 18c3
will identify changes in population due to shifts from agricultural to industrial/urban develoment. 18c3
will compare the systems of slavery developed in North America, Latin America, and Africa. 18c3
will explain how countries are economically interdependent. 18c3
will explain what occurs when people from different regions interact. 18c3
will explain how the cultural and economic isolation of different areas of the United States and Illinois have been changed through technological advances (e.g., TV, radio, telephone, computers, highways). 18c3
will analyze the reasons for, and the consequences of, the breakdown of order among nations and the impact on the lives of individuals over time. 18c4
will explain reasons for, and consequences of, the breakdown of order among nation-states. 18c4
will analyze and assess the impact of political revolutions on society and its systems (e.g., French, Italian, German, Latin American). 18c4
will identify and assess the impact of the Agricultural and Industrial revolutions on changes in social systems. 18c4
will compare and contrast the acceptance of diversity in hierarchial societies. 18c4
will explain the impact of technology and industrialization on the development of mass production and mass consumption. 18c5
will evaluate the role of technology in communications, transportation, information processing, weapons development and other areas as it contributes to or helps resolve conflicts. 18c5
will describe the effect of technology and its impact in creating a global community (e.g., computers, space exploration, medicine). 18c5